Schooled for the Future?

Educational Policy and Everyday Life among Urban Squatters in Nepal

Edited by:
Karen Valentin, The Danish University of Education

A volume in the series: Education Policy in Practice: Critical Cultural Studies. Editor(s): Edmund Hamann, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Rodney Hopson, George Mason University.

Published 2006

“Schooled for the future?” offers an ethnographically rich account about squatter families in Kathmandu and their struggles to improve their living conditions and create a better future through education. Examining how people – children and adults - experience and respond to policy initiatives aimed at improving their life the book discusses the paradoxes inherent in modern schooling. Firstly, schooling promises social justice and equal opportunities, yet it also contributes to the reproduction of social inequalities by strengthening existing class divisions and by producing a new category of unschooled people. Secondly, within the context of the family, schooling is attributed an economic and symbolic value, but it is also considered a potential threat to family values based on generational hierarchy and caste identity. Through detailed ethnographic accounts the author demonstrates how urban poor families experience the schooling process ambivalently, both as a source of alienation and inferiority as well as a source of self-esteem and sense of progress. Acknowledging the interconnect-edness between global, national and local forces framing and informing processes of education the book, thus, sheds light on the complex relationship between educational policy and everyday life experiences of the urban poor in Kathmandu, a hitherto understudied segment of the Nepalese society.

CONTENTS
Preface. Introduction: A Policy Perspective on the Paradox of Schooling. Chapter One: Exploring Ramaghat: Social Differentiation in the Context of Ruban Squatting. Chapter Two: Education and Nation Building in Nepal: An historical Perspective.
Chapter Three: Dealing with Diversity and Hierarchy: Schooling and Social Exclusion. Chapter Four: Dreams and Realities: The struggle for a Better Life. Chapter Five: “We Want Education”: Children’s Rights and the Appropriation of Egalitarian Ideas. Chapter Six: The “Schooled Person”: Negotiating Caste and Generation. Conclusion: Education Policy and the Paradoxes of Schooled Social Exclusion. Bibliography.