Cross-National Information and Communication Technology Policies and Practices in Education

(Revised Second Edition)

Edited by:
Tjeerd Plomp, University of Twente
Ronald E. Anderson, University of Minnesota
Nancy Law, University of Hong Kong
Andreas Quale, University of Oslo, Norway

A volume in the series: Research in Educational Policy: Local, National, and Global Perspectives. Editor(s): Kenneth K. Wong, Brown University.

Published 2009

This compendium of papers documents educational ICT policies and practices in 37 countries, making it a valuable resource for understanding and comparing ICT-related national policy developments in education. We believe that this work offers a unique in-depth examination of the trends within major education systems and how they have adapted to and taken advantage of the challenges and opportunities posed by the new information and communication technologies. A special feature of this edition is that it allows for interesting comparative analyses of sub-groups of countries, as many Asian, European Union, and former eastern-European countries, as well as the United States and Canada (among others), are included in the book. But it allows also for other than regional comparisons given that a number of newly industrialized countries (such as Brazil, Chile, Malaysia, and South Africa) are represented in this book, together with many OECD countries.

This book is the result of the effort and hard work of the contributing authors, many of whom are the NRCs for IEA SITES in their respective countries. Special thanks must go to the Norwegian Royal Ministry of Education and Research and the Netherlands Kennisnet ICT OP School Foundation, both of which provided generous support for the preparation and dissemination of the book, to the Center for Information Technology in Education (CITE) of the University of Hong Kong, which assisted in the technical preparation of the manuscript, and to the IEA Secretariat, which facilitated the copyediting of the chapters. We want to acknowledge especially the professional contribution of Paula Wagemaker, who has copyedited the entire volume. This copyediting work is especially critical and challenging, as many of the chapters were written by authors for whom English is a foreign language. We also want to express our appreciation to David Robitaille, chair of the IEA Publications and Editorial Committee, and his committee for the critical and constructive review of the manuscript.

CONTENTS
Foreword, Seamus Hegarty. Preface, Tjeerd Plomp, Ronald E. Anderson, Nancy Law, and Andreas Quale. PART I: SUMMARY CHAPTERS. Introduction, Ronald E. Anderson and Tjeerd Plomp. Curriculum and Staff Development for ICT in Education, Nancy Law. Trends in Instructional ICT Infrastructure, Geir Ottestad and Andreas Quale. PART II: COUNTRY CHAPTERS. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Australia, John Ainley. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Belgium, Brigitte Denis, Martin Valcke, and Johan van Braak. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Brazil, Fredric M. Litto. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Canada, Tom Rich. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Catalonia (Spain), Ferran Ruiz Tarragó. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Chile, J. Enrique Hinostroza, Pedro Hepp, and Cristián Cox. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: China Hong Kong, Nancy Law. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: People’s Republic of China, Hu Jun and Nancy Law. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Chinese Taipei, Janet Mei-Chuen Lin, Cheng-Chih Wu, and Guey-Fa Chiou. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Cyprus, Constantinos Papanastasiou and Lefkios Doratis. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Denmark, Anne Larson. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: England, Margaret J. Cox. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Estonia, Anu Toots, Mari Plakk, and Tõnu Idnurm. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Finland, Marja Kankaanranta. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: France, Catherine Régnier. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Germany, Renate Schulz-Zander and Birgit Eickelmann. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Hungary, Andrea Kárpáti and Ádám Horváth. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: India, Utpal Mallik. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Ireland, Paul F. Conway and Eileen Brennan Freeman. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Israel, Rafi Nachmias, David Mioduser, Alona Forkosh-Baruch, and Dorit Tubin. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Italy, Roberto Melchiori and Renata Picco. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Japan, Masaru Sakayauchi, Hideki Maruyama, and Ryo Watanabe. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Republic of Korea, Eun-Soon Oh. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Lithuania, Lina Markauskaite. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Malaysia, Sulaiman Hashim and Hajar Mohd. Nor. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: The Netherlands, Alfons ten Brummelhuis, Keimpe de Heer, and Tjeerd Plomp. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: New Zealand, Murray Brown and Megan Chamberlain. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Norway, Ola Erstad and Andreas Quale. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Philippines, Ester B. Ogena and Filma G. Brawner. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Russian Federation, Alexei L. Semenov. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Singapore, Thiam Seng Koh, Sai Choo Lee, and Seau Fah Foo. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: The Slovak Republic, Viera Blahova. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Slovenia, Barbara Ne_a Bre ko. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: South Africa, Seugnet Blignaut and Sarah Howie. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Sweden, Peter Karlberg. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Thailand, Pornpun Waitayangkoon. National Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: United States of America, Ronald E. Anderson and Sara Dexter. About the Editors and Authors.