Crossing the Bridge of the Digital Divide

A Walk with Global Leaders

Edited by:
Anthony H. Normore, California State University Dominguez Hills
Antonia Issa Lahera, California State University Dominguez Hills

A volume in the series: Educational Leadership for Social Justice. Editor(s): Jeffrey S. Brooks, RMIT University. Denise E. Armstrong, Brock University. Ira Bogotch, Florida Atlantic University. Sandra Harris, Lamar University. Whitney Sherman Newcomb, Virginia Commonwealth University. George Theoharis, Syracuse University.

Published 2018

Crossing the Bridge of the Digital Divide: A Walk with Global Leaders explores the combined effect of the rapid growth of information as an increasingly fragmented information base, a large component of which is available only to people with money and/or acceptable institutional affiliations. In the recent past, the outcome of these challenges has been characterized as the "digital divide" between the information “haves” and “have nots” along racial and socio economic lines that seem to widen as time passes. To address the issues of digital equity and digital inequality in an effort to bridge the digital divide, educational scholars, researchers and practitioners are in positions to ensure equitable opportunities are made available for people of all ages, races, ability, sexual orientation, and ethnicity in support of social justice for bridging the digital divide. The digital divide addresses issues concerning equal opportunity, equity and access that have an effect on the development of marginalized and otherwise disenfranchised populations within and across systems nationally and internationally.

The contributing authors- representing Unites States, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, and the UK - posit that education institutions can serve as the bridge to close the digital divide for students who do not have access to information technology in their homes. At a time when more computers are made available in schools than ever before, the digital divide continues to widen and fewer people in the lowest SES groups are given the opportunity to join the world of computer technology and the internet. As a result, the influence of leadership activity on institutional racism, gender discrimination, inequality of opportunity, inequity of educational processes, digital exclusion, and justice have gained currency and attention.

The contributing national and international authors examine the digital divide in terms of social justice leadership, equity and access. It is within this context that the authors offer discussions from a lens of their choice, i.e. conceptual, review of literature, epistemological, etc. By adopting an educational approach to bridging the digital divide, researchers and practitioners can connect and extend long established lines of conceptual and empirical inquiry aimed at improving organizational practices and thereby gain insights that might be otherwise overlooked, or assumed. This holds great promise for generating, refining, and testing theories of leadership for equity and access, and helps strengthen already vibrant lines of inquiry on social justice.

Foreword: Bridging Divides in Cyber-Lives, Jabari Mahiri. Introduction, Anthony H. Normore and Antonia Issa Lahera. Series Editor’s Preface, Jeffrey S. Brooks. PART I: DYNAMICS OF DIGITAL AND SOCIAL INEQUITY. Digital Equity and its Role in the Digital Divide, Kitty Fortner, Anthony H. Normore, and Jeffrey S. Brooks. An Examination of the Digital Divide and Its Dividing Factors in Formal Educational Settings, Albert D. Ritzhaupt and Tina N. Hohlfeld. Not All Young People “Use” the Internet: Exploring the Experiences of Ex-Use Amongst Young People in Britain, Rebecca Eynon and Anne Geniets. PART II: DIGITAL EQUITY AND ACCESS ISSUES. Leading the Cohort across the Divide: Recent Best Practices to Enhance Cohort Teaching and Learning, Steven C. Williams. Walking the Pedagogical Line in Graduate Studies: Obstacles and Opportunities Transitioning to Digital and eLearning, Heather Rintoul and Duncan MacLellan. A Model for Addressing Adaptive Challenges by Merging Ideas: How One Program Designed a Hacking Framework to Address Adaptive Challenges and Discovered the Ecotone, Kendall Zoller, Antonia Issa Lahera, and Julie K. Jhun. Emerging Technologies for Learning: Using Open Education Resources (OER), Ruben Caputo. Partnering with Teachers to Bridge Digital Divides, Doron Zinger, Jenell Krishnan, and Mark Warschauer. Social Networking Technology and the Social Justice Implications of Equitable Outcomes for First-Generation College Students, Yesenia Fernandez, Nancy Deng, and Meng Zhao. The Habitus and Technological Practices of Rural Students: A Case Study, Laura Czerniewicz and Cheryl Brown. PART III: GLOBAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN TECHNOLOGY. The Digital Divide in Scientific Development and Research: The Case of the Arab World, Hamoud Salhi. Assistive Technology for Students with Disabilities: An International and Intersectional Approach, Saili S. Kulkarni, Jessica Parmar, Ann Selmi, and Avi Mendelson. Online Resource Courses to Enhance Education Abroad Learning: The Digital & Enhanced International Learning Divide, Gary M. Rhodes and Rosalind Latiner Raby. Biographies.