Methods of Evaluating Educational Technology

Edited by:
Walt Heinecke, University of Virginia
Laura Blasi, University of Virginia

A volume in the series: Research, Innovation and Methods in Educational Technology. Editor(s): Chrystalla Mouza, University of Delaware. Nancy C. Lavigne, University of Delaware.

Published 2001

This volume gathers some of the methods being developed by evaluators from university settings and the private sector. While providing models and methods, these authors also raise larger questions, such as: "How can schools meet the challenge of educating all children without being limited by the educational legacy of a 'one size fits all' curriculum and normative testing?" More than documenting an "apprenticeship to gadgetry," evaluators are seeking to measure meaningful learning and changes in teaching - investigating approaches that are not possible or that are less accessible when students are in traditional classrooms without technology.

In this first volume of the series Research Methods for Educational Technology (RMET) the contributing authors draw upon examples of their work evaluating the implementation and development of educational technology as well as the impact of policies and programs in this field. Within this volume several authors have written about the implementation and evaluation of technology across cultures and national boundaries, pointing to an area of research that will rapidly expand in this decade. The concern for meeting the needs of policymakers is also apparent in several of these chapters, but there is tension between providing them with positive results to support their efforts and reexamining the questions they are asking and how these questions are developed. We know that evaluation is not the extended arm of public relations, and yet it becomes clear that evaluators are often asked to demonstrate a project "is successful" on the threat that the funding will be cut. While this decision-making process fits the timetable of the fiscal year, it does not acknowledge that evaluation can be formative and strengthen programs. This timetable also ignores the investment of time that is needed when implementing innovations like the Internet into teaching and learning.

Many of the authors included in this volume write from the context of evaluating federally-funded programs, and they provide valuable insight for future projects which are created and evaluated at the state-level. As technology initiatives are developed and funded outside of the federal arena, more evaluators will be called upon. From approaches developed from federally-funded projects, we can build upon these methods and models for evaluation within regional projects to answer questions related to budgets and accountability. As we answer these immediate questions, we can move forward to examine the long-term impact of technology, and the possibility that exercises in conformity will replace the adventure of human enlightenment for our children.

CONTENTS
Introduction, Walt Heinecke, Laura Blasi, & Diane Reed. Part I: INNOVATION, TECHNOLOGY, AND EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION: Purposes and Values. Do Today's Evaluations Meet the Needs of Tomorrow's Networked Learning Communities?, Thomas G. Carroll. The Evaluation of Educational Technology: A Call For Collaborative Learning, Teaching, Research and Development, Margaret Riel. Evaluating Educational Technology: Four Perspectives, Niki Davis, Mark Hawkes, Walter Heineke, & Wim Veen. Technology and Teacher Education: Evaluating International Dimensions of Cooperation, George-Louis Baron, Eric Bruillard, Cameron Howell, & Robert McNergney. PART Ii: INNOVATION, TECHNOLOGY, AND EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION: METHODS AND THEORY. Technology: How Do We Know It Works?, Eva L. Baker. Making the Familiar Strange -- and Interesting -- Again: Interpretivism and Symbolic Interactionism in Educational Technology Research, Charalambos Vrasidas. It All Depends: Strategies for Designing Technologies for Education Change, Dorothy Bennett, Katie McMillan Culp, Margaret Honey, Bill Tally, & Bob Spielvogel. Exploring a Description and Methodology for Learner-Centered Design, Chris Quintana, Joseph Krajcik, & Elliot Soloway. PART III: PROGRAM EVALUATION: STUDENT EXPERIENCE AND CLASSROOM CONTEXT. Framing Technology Program Evaluations, Michael Russell. Developing Assessments for Tomorrow’s Classrooms, Barbara Means, Bill Penuel, & Edys Quellmalz. Using Latent Trait Models for Program Evaluations: An Example Using a Preservice Teachers’ Instructional Media Course, Ev Smith, Kimberly A. Lawless, Leslie K. Curda, & Stephen K. Curda. The Primary Importance of Experience in the Evaluation of Educational Technology, Peter Adamy. Technology as Facilitator of Quality Education: A Model, William P. Callahan & Thomas J. Switzer. PART IV: POLICY AND THE EVALUATION OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY. Documenting the Effects of Instructional Technology: A Fly-Over of Policy Questions, Dale Mann. Understanding and Addressing Multiple Stakeholder Needs: Evaluation and the World of Policymakers, Michael Hannafin, Thomas Reeves, & J.J. Hayden. What's Worth Looking For? Issues in Educational Technology Research, Yong Zhao, Joe Byers, Kevin Pugh, & Steven Sheldon. In Search of Good Data: The Data That Influence Educational Technology Policy, Lisa A. Washington