School Counseling for Black Male Student Success in 21st Century Urban Schools
A volume in the series: Contemporary Perspectives on Access, Equity, and Achievement. Editor(s): Chance W. Lewis, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Discussions and research related to the salience of Black male student needs and development in relation to their general success and well‐being is well‐documented in many fields. Indeed, many studies have found that healthy masculine identity development is associated with a number of positive outcomes for males in general, including Black males. In school counseling literature, however, this discussion has been relatively absent—particularly regarding those students living in urban contexts. Indeed, research devoted to the study of Black males in the school counseling literature focuses almost exclusively on race and issues associated with its social construction with only cursory, if any, attention given to their masculine identity development as a function of living in urban communities and attending urban schools. Based on this lack of information, it is probably a safe assumption that intentional, systematic, culturally relevant efforts to assist Black males in developing healthy achievement and masculine identities based on their unique personal, social, academic experiences and future career goals are not being applied by school counselors concerned with meeting students’ needs.
School counselors are in a unique position, nonetheless, to lend their considerable expertise—insights, training and skills—to improving life outcomes among Black males—a population who are consistently in positions of risk according to a number of quality of life indicators. Without knowledge and awareness of Black males’ masculine identity development in urban areas, coupled with the requisite skills to influence the myriad factors that enhance and impede healthy development in such environments, they are missing out on tremendous opportunities which other professions appear to understand and, quite frankly, seem to take more seriously. As such, this book proposes to accomplish two specific goals:
1. Highlight the plight of Black males with specific emphasis on the ecological components of their lives in relation to current school culture and trends.
2. Encourage school counselors to give more thought to Black male identity development that takes into consideration differential experiences in society as a whole, and schools in particular, as a function of the intersection of their race, as well as their gender.
The first rationale for this book, then, is to highlight the plight of Black males with specific emphasis on the ecological components of their lives in relation to current school culture and trends (e.g., standards‐based accountability practices) in urban environments. However, I recognize the role of school counselors has never been fully integrated into educational reform programs. As such, their positions are often unregulated and determined by people in positions of power who do not understand their training, job‐specific standards and, thus, potential impact on the lives of Black male students. As a result, their vast potential to develop strong interventions designed to address the myriad racial and masculine factors that serve to enhance and impede Black males’ academic achievement is often unrealized. Therefore, the second reason for this special issue is to include the scholarship of professional school counselors and counselor educators with policy change in mind. Scholars will be invited to contribute manuscripts that explore race, masculinity and academic achievement in relation to the role of school counselors. This is designed to encourage school counselors and counselor educators to give more thought to Black male identity development that takes into consideration differential experiences in society as a whole, and schools in particular, as a function of the intersection of their race, as well as their gender.
Foreword: Black Male Student Success in Urban Schools: School Counseling for Equity, Access, and Achievement, James L. Moore, III. Introduction. Urban School Counseling: Implications for Black Male Students, Cheryl Holcomb‐McCoy, Paul Harris, Erik Hines, and Ileana Gonzalez. Getting to College: Helping School Counselors Understand the Role Parents Played in the College Decision‐Making Process of African American Males, Erik M. Hines, Candice E. Jackson, Renae D. Mayes, and Crystal N. Gray. Broach This: Addressing Race and Representation With African American Males, Norma L. Day‐Vines, Jonell McPherson, and Raymond Shorter. Individual Counseling and Black Males Living in Urban Contexts, Jamar Booth and Ahmad R. Washington. Fostering School–Family–Community Partnerships: Implications for Closing Black Male Students’ Opportunity Gaps, Julia Bryan, Joseph Williams, and Dana Griffin. Promoting African American Male Students’ Success Through Group Work: Practice and Research Implications for Professional School Counselors, Sam Steen, Lina F. Kotsoeva, and Denis V. Kotsoev. Urban Black Male Student Athletes: School Counselor Interventions, Paul C. Harris. Assessment and the Use of Data in Meeting Black Male Students’ Needs in Urban Schools, Delila Lashelle Owens. School Counseling for the Hip‐Hop Generation: Meeting African American Male Students Where They Are, Ahmad R. Washington. Effective Involvement With Urban Special Education Services: What Every School Counselor Should Know to Support Black Male Students, Michelle Frazier Trotman Scott, Renae D. Mayes, Michael T. Garrett, Kimberly G. Griffith, and Jeremy Watkins. The Scholar Identity Model: Counseling Black Male Students Toward Academic Achievement, Gilman W. Whiting with a conclusion by Charnequa Austin Kennedy. Afterword, Donna Y. Ford. About the Editors. About the Contributors.
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