Critical Race Theory in the Academy

Edited by:
Vernon Lee Farmer, Grambling State University
Evelyn Shepherd W. Farmer, Grambling State University

Published 2020

Critical Race Theory in the Academy explores the deep implications of race and its effects on the expanse of the American social fabric and its fragile democratic process. This volume contributes to a more effective, powerful, and insightful theorization of racism across the social spectrum while furthering the movement for greater equity in higher education and beyond. The audience for this book is broad and should be of great interest and value to all Americans who fight against racism which is focused on the destruction of Black people and other people of color. Ideally, educators, scholars, and practitioners will be compelled to engage the ideas within this volume to break down the color line and challenge the problematic master narrative in education and other aspects of society.

Critical Race Theory in the Academy offers current applications, debates, theories, strategies, and evolutions about critical race theory (CRT), with particular attention to CRT’s intersections with the field of higher education and beyond. As a part of the CRT corpus, this volume details some of the most relevant and current topics deployed in varied disciplines of the academy, confronting the complex interplay of race, racism, education, and social justice in the twenty-first century. Specifically, the authors explore topics from health disparities, politics, religion, literature, music, social work, psychology, sports, distance learning, media bias, affirmative action, to education policies, practices and scholarship. The chapters in this volume should help navigate the tensions in the academy and beyond to work toward alleviating institutionalized racism.

Praise for Critical Race Theory in the Academy:

"The field of Critical Race Theory is enriched by this important collection of new and original scholarship. Vernon Farmer has brought together a dynamic and eclectic mix of radical voices, from multiple disciplinary backgrounds, including both established and early career scholars. The result is a volume that constantly challenges and surprises the reader."
David Gillborn
Professor of Critical Race Studies
University of Birmingham UK
Founding Editor of Race Ethnicity & Education

"Critical Race Theory in the Academy has excavated the terrain of critical race theory to unearth multiple perspectives that are central to defining the fundamental contours of the field. Each essay enhances the ways in which we read and understand the complexity of critical race theory. It will be an invaluable resource for building a critical academy."
Aileen Moreton-Robinson
Queens and University of Technology, Australia
Author of The White Possessive: Property, Power and Indigenous Sovereignty

"Vernon Lee Farmer has done it again and for the final time. He has pulled together a star-studded cast of academics of color to address an essential concern of the academy. Throughout his career, Farmer has demonstrated the uncanny ability to identify matters that require attention, and attacked them with vigor. In doing so, he provided us with high impact resources that are beneficial to the professional trajectory of scholars of color. This book is no different, and we all should race to the bookstore to add this instant classic to our personal library."
Jerlando F. L. Jackson
Vilas Distinguished Professor of Higher Education
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Former Editor, ASHE Reader Series on Higher Education

"Critical Race Theory in the Academy adds substantially to our understanding of the roles that race, racism, and social justice play as we tackle the myriad problems of pre-K through higher education. For those interested in gaining a deeper understanding of the issues in higher education -- from curriculum to the lack of diversity in the professoriate -- this work provides helpful insights that can enrich conversations and problem-solving across sectors of society."
Freeman A. Hrabowski, III
University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland

Dedicated to the Memory of Dr. Vernon Lee Farmer. Acknowledgements. Foreword: Living to Harass, George Yancy. Introduction, Evelyn Shepherd W. Farmer. PART I: REVISITING THE PAST TO MOVE IN A NEW DIRECTION. Where Do We Go from Here? Claiming a Transformative Role for CRT’s Future, Jacquelyn Lanre Bridgeman. The Archaeology of Critical Race Theory: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Emergence of Critical Race Theory, Reiland Rabaka. Multicultural Education and Critical Race Theory in the Academy: An Essential Synthesis, Desiree Cueto and Francisco Rios. Blindness Associated with Health Care: Disparities and Critical Race Theory, Patricia E. Bath. Critical Race Theory: Medicine and Urology, Arthur L. Burnett II. Critical Race Theory and the Demography of Death and Dying, Tommy J. Curry, and Gwenetta Curry. In Defense of the “Orthodoxy:” Who We Really Are and Why Some Folks Have a Problem with It, Joseph L. Graves Jr. Black Liberation Theology, Personalism, and Black Economic Freedom in Critical Race Perspective, Anthony B. Bradley. Black on Blue: A Qualitative Examination on How African American Collegians View Law Enforcement, Ray V. Robertson, and Cassandra D. Chaney. Failure to Follow Facts: Short Falls in News Media Practices That Inhibit Abatement of Institutional Racism in the United States, Linn Washington, Jr. Racism and Fascism in the Era of Donald J. Trump and the Alt-Right: Critical Race Theory and Socialism as Oppositional Forces, Mike Cole. PART II: EDUCATION POLICIES, PRACTICES, AND SCHOLARSHIP. Reconsidering Race and Education in the Era of Globalization: A New Perspective, Cameron McCarthy, Susan Ogwal, Adrienne Pickett, and Ademola Akinrinola. Critical Race Theory in Indigenous Contexts, Caskey Russell. The Trope of Awkwardness and Newer Negro Autobiography, Tyrone Simpson. Disrupting Discourse Within Higher Education Hiring Practices: Using Critical Race Theory to De-Amplify Semantic Harm, Amy Aldous Bergerson, and Rachel E. Aho. Lani Guinier. Democratic Merit, Critical Race Theory and Higher Education Admissions: Understanding Clarence Thomas as a Racial Activist, Steven L. Nelson, Sheron T. Davenport, and Shayla D. Guy Kolheim. Race and Education: The Scale Remains Unbalanced, Janet A. Guyden, and Sandra Childs DeShazier. Critical Race Theory in Instructional Design, Liangyue Lu, and Jianping Xu. Retention and Graduation Among Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUS), Elizabeth K. Davenport, and Patrice W. Glenn Jones. On Becoming a Critical Race Scholar, Zanita E. Fenton. Scratching and Surviving: Critical Race Theory and Being a “Blackademic” in the Academy, Chaddrick James-Gallaway, Jari Minnett, and Adrienne D. Dixson. Critical Race Theory: An Ethical Appraisal of Gradualism Related to Diversity Inclusion at Predominately White Institutions (PWIs), Ralph Ferguson. PART III: CRITICAL RACE THEORY IN LITERATURE, MUSIC, AND BEYOND. Transformational Leadership and Transformational Change: Reshaping the Legacy of HBCUs and MSIs for the 21ST Century, James Anderson. “A People Must Define Itself:” African American Literary Criticism as a Mode of Critical Race Theory, Nicholas Birns. The Ballad of John Henry: A Cautionary Tale, Lisa Pertillar Brevard. Music Education as a Portal to Understanding Black America’s History, Lemuel Berry, Jr. Examining Access and Opportunity for Black Male Athletes at Selective Research Universities Using a Critical Race Theoretical Perspective, Billy Hawkins, and Akuoma C. Nwadike. Intersectionality and the Influence of Stereotypes for Black Sportswomen in College Sport, Akilah R. Carter-Francique. Critical Race Theory: Social Work Theory and Practice, Steve A. Buddington. A Critical Race Theory Perspective and Clinical Psychology, Shanette M. Harris. Stealing Culture: The Internationalization of Critical Race Theory Through the Intersection of Criminal Law and Museum Studies, Darrell D. Jackson, Nicole M. Crawford, and Toni E. Hartzel. Dunbar Was Right: Reflections of a Critical Race Criminologist, Martin Glynn. Be a Mountain or Lean on One: Why Discussions of Race are Critical in the Academy, Cassandra Chaney. Afterword: In Search of the Critical Academy, Zeus Leonardo. Contributor Biographies.