Misinformation and Fake News in Education

Edited by:
Panayiota Kendeou, University of Minnesota
Daniel H. Robinson, University of Texas at Arlington
Matthew T. McCrudden, Pennsylvania State University

A volume in the series: Current Perspectives on Cognition, Learning and Instruction. Editor(s): Daniel H. Robinson, University of Texas at Arlington. Marlynn M. Griffin, Georgia Southern University.

Published 2019

Today, like no other time in our history, the threat of misinformation and disinformation is at an all-time high. This is also true in the field of Education. Misinformation refers to false information shared by a source who intends to inform, but is unaware that the information is false, such as when an educator who recommends the use of a learning strategy that is not actually beneficial. Disinformation is false information shared by a source who has the intent to deceive and is aware that the information is false, such as when a politician claim that high-stakes testing will fix K-12 education when in fact there is no evidence to support this practice. This book provides recent examples of how misinformation and disinformation manifest in the field of education and remedies.

Section One, Susceptibility to Misinformation, focuses on factors that influence the endorsement and persistence of misinformation. This section will include chapters on: the appeal and persistence of “zombie concepts” in education; learner and message factors that underlie the adoption of misinformation in the context of the newly proposed Likelihood of Adoption Model; cognitive and motivational factors that contribute to misinformation revision failure; cognitive biases and bias transfer in criminal justice training; the influence of conspiratorial and political ideation on the use of misinformation; and, how educational culture and policy has historically given rise to quackery in education.

Section Two, Practices in the Service of Reducing Misinformation in Education, focuses on practices aimed at reducing the impact of misinformation, and includes chapters on: misinformation in the education of children with ASD and its influence on educational and intervention practices; the promise of using dynamical systems and computational linguistics to model the spread of misinformation; systematic attempts to reduce misinformation in psychology and education both in and out of the classroom; and the potential perils of constructivism in the classroom, as well as the teaching of critical thinking. Each section has a discussion chapter that explicates emerging themes and lessons learned and fruitful avenues for future research.

Misinformation and Disinformation in Education: An Introduction, Panayiota Kendeou, Daniel H. Robinson, and Matthew T. McCrudden. SECTION I: SUSCEPTIBILITY TO MISINFORMATION IN EDUCATION. Zombie Concepts in Education: Why They Won’t Die and Why You Can’t Kill Them, Gale M. Sinatra and Neil G. Jacobson. Understanding Susceptibility to Educational Inaccuracies: Examining the Likelihood of Adoption Model, Alexandra List and Lisa DaVia Rubenstein. Psychological Tribes and Processes: Understanding Why and How Misinformation Persists, Gregory J. Trevors. Cognitive Biases in Forensic Science Training and Education, Candice Bridge and Mark Marić. Do Individual Differences in Conspiratorial and Political Leanings Influence the Use of Inaccurate Information? David N. Rapp, Megan N. Imundo, and Rebecca M. Adler. Educational Muckrakers, Watchdogs, and Whistleblowers, Daniel H. Robinson and Robert A. Bligh. Designing Interventions to Combat Misinformation Based on Factors That Increase Susceptibility, Abbey M. Loehr and Andrew C. Butler. SECTION II: PRACTICES IN THE SERVICE OF REDUCING MISINFORMATION IN EDUCATION. Modeling the Dissemination of Misinformation Through Discourse Dynamics, Laura K. Allen, Aaron D. Likens, and Danielle S. McNamara. A Nation of Curators: Educating Students to be Critical Consumers and Users of Online Information, Jeffrey A. Greene, Brian M. Cartiff, Rebekah F. Duke, and Victor M. Deekens. Misinformation in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Education, Jessica Paynter, Ullrich K. H. Ecker, David Trembath, Rhylee Sulek, and Deb Keen. From Theory to Practice: Implications of KReC for Designing Effective Learning Environments, Jasmine Kim, Reese Butterfuss, Joseph Aubele, and Panayiota Kendeou. How Attempting to Reduce Misconceptions in Psychology Reveals the Challenges of Change, Patricia Kowalski and Annette Taylor. Critical Thinking in the Post-Truth Era, Åsa Wikforss. Attempting to Reduce Misinformation and Other Inaccuracies in Education, Matthew T. McCrudden. About the Editors. About the Contributors.